Educational role of the Miniature Park
The park is a much more ambitious endeavour than other such exhibitions throughout Europe. It will not be limited to presenting models of buildings, but it will benefit from various ways of passing on information and thus it will facilitate education and it will encourage the visitors to get actively involved in the re-enactment. The “Warsaw” zone will feature models of the most precious or the most characteristic buildings and entire city blocks that have not survived. The creators of the Park decided there was no point recreating buildings that still exist in Warsaw and can be seen nearby, in real life. Each model will come from the moment in history when the building was at its best. Within a given area there will be buildings that used to share the same neighbourhood (e.g. the Saxon Axis), but in different historic times. It will require adding a visual commentary to the models, which will make the visitors understand the evolution of the city. The surroundings of the models will be an important part of the exhibition. For example, while reconstructing a 300 year old palace from Warsaw, we will take into consideration not only the outdoorsy elements of the project (the edifice, garden, parade), but also the “countryside” backyard with all the utilitarian infrastructure. The Park will also feature recreated works of engineers, e.g. bridges, street furniture (pavements, street lamps etc.) and greenery. There will be vehicles (trains, cars, coaches, carriages) and figures wearing period clothes. A special pavilion will feature temporary exhibitions, multimedia shows and presentations that will complete the educational part of the project.
The area of the Park devoted to Masovia will feature both the models of buildings that have been preserved and also the architectural complexes that ceased to exist long time ago. The idea is to reconstruct the most significant elements of the old Masovian cultural landscape, which have been ruined over the years. That landscape comprised of not only castles, palaces, mansions, churches, village buildings, windmills and inns, but also of e.g. small towns with Polish-Jewish folklore. The most valuable buildings that have been preserved are scattered over a vast area so that putting them side by side in a park, together with those that are long gone, seems indispensable. Both areas of the park will feature around 50 models altogether. The first group, which is the Saxon Axis, will be open to the public next year, while the whole park will have been completed within three years.
Methodology and technology
Building precise 1:25 scale models requires gathering all available documents, such as blueprints, measurements, maps, photographs, drawings etc. Based on that a moment in the history of the building is chosen. Then an architectural design is created and subsequently rendered as a 3D image. The same technology is used to work on all the elements, which are produced by 3D printers or moulding machines. Models that are a few meters long are made of blocks in which often a few hundred holes are drilled. The model is painted in the colours of the given period and then roofs, gutters and hundreds of other elements are added, as well as decorative units (columns, sculptures, moulding etc.), which get their texture, colours and which are subtly aged.
The author of the idea and the moving force behind it is Rafał Kunach, an entrepreneur who is making his dreams come true. The most important co-creators are: Agnieszka Cholewa, an architect, a contact person, who is responsible for the design of the models, for the team of architects and computer graphics, and Rafał Telęga – an architect, the head of the team of model makers. The third team are consultants – experts in the historical architecture of Warsaw: Krzysztof Jaszczyński and Ryszard Mączewski from the “Warszawa1939.pl” Foundation, Marta Szczeblewska-Korkus from the “Saski 2018” Society and Jarosław Zieliński from “Stolica” monthly.